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Installation of a ceramic floor

Are you tired of the ceramic in your kitchen or your bathroom? Looking for a new look? Here’s how to install your new floor and some things to consider, according to James Trudeau, tiler and owner Ceralex. “Depending on the materials you use and the type of surface you have to cover, it is important to learn from a supplier to ensure you have good ceramic glue,” advises Mr. Trudeau.

 

 

laying tile

Floor Preparation

First, remove the old flooring; in this case, it is ceramic. To achieve this, use a hammer and a flat pry bar. Start with a joint wherethe grout is already broken, otherwise strike the grout to break it. When the ceramic is removed, use a floor scraper to remove excess glue. It is sometimes difficult to remove everything. Make sure that the sub-layer is sufficiently smooth and even to receive new tiles. If necessary, use a sander.

“To lay ceramic, make sure to have a minimum of 1-1/8″ of plywood laid down. It is important to have the right thickness of plywood, because with the cold climates, houses work very hard, “says Trudeau. “If we are on a concrete structure, ensure that the apparent cracks are strong and stable. The best advice is to listen to the retailer. ”

 

Preparation of glue

In a 20 liter pale, pour a small amount of water, add ceramic glue and mix with a drill to stir to a thick texture. Do not prepare the glue in bulk; the latter may freeze after two hours. “It is important to follow the proportions which are indicated on the back of adhesive pockets,” Mr. Trudeau. If the glue begins to dry, remix it while adding a small amount of water. The tiler recommends following an average ratio of one part water to three parts cement glue.

 

Draw lines

Using a laser or plotter, draw the lines of the place you have chosen as the starting point of the floor. “Most of the time, we keep the full tiles in the most visible places, such as at the entrance of the floor or door,” said Trudeau. “Visually, it’s important. The cuts should be mainly in hidden places. “To draw reference lines to lay the tiles in a straight line, drop four tiles dry on the floor and create a grid (four square feet) on the length of the room. “With the measure of two to three tiles, we do what we call the bosses every two to three square feet, so that when one begins to stick, you can follow the pattern and the alignment of the room.” Note : when measuring, allow the thickness of the seal of the next line in the pattern. The temperature will affect the speed at which the adhesive will freeze. Hot and dry Temperature: quick setting. Cold wet weather: slow setting. Temperature below zero: zero outlet.

Using a laser or plotter, draw the lines of the place you have chosen as the starting point of the floor. “Most of the time, we keep the full tiles in the most visible places, such as at the entrance of the floor or door,” said Trudeau. “Visually, it’s important. The cuts should be mainly in hidden places. “To draw reference lines to lay the tiles in a straight line, drop four tiles dry on the floor and create a grid (four square feet) on the length of the room. “With the measure of two to three tiles, we do what we call the bosses every two to three square feet, so that when one begins to stick, you can follow the pattern and the alignment of the room.” Note : when measuring, allow the thickness of the seal of the next line in the pattern. The temperature will affect the speed at which the adhesive will freeze. Hot and dry Temperature: quick setting. Cold wet weather: slow setting. Temperature below zero: neutral setting.

Tile installation

Apply glue on the floor using a notched trowel whose teeth correspond to the manufacturer’s recommendations (usually 1/4 x 3/8) to cover the surface of your first boss. If the mortar is applied too far in advance, it will start to harden and adhere the tiles are more. Install ceramic with light pressure and move the tiles to remove any air bubbles. It is necessary, using braces installed in each corner of the tile, leave about 1/8 inch (4 mm) between each ceramic joints. It is important to check from time to time, the floor surface with level. Gradually, as your work progresses, clean the glue spills with a damp sponge. Cut the tiles with the dry tile cutter if necessary. When finished, wait about 12 hours before grouting. Note: if some tiles you seem lower than others, add glue to the places where they are lacking. There should be a general loss of about 10% minimum ceramic (for a right standard installation).

Preparation of grout

Once the well dry, prepare the grout into a new boiler of 20 liters while following the manufacturer’s instructions. Spread the grout on the tiles diagonally with a rubber FLOAT, which you impose a 45 degree angle. Braces remain, we must ensure that they are more visible and putting grout on top. “When you have never done, it is important to put in small quantities,” advises Trudeau. Always practicing diagonal movements, remove excess with FLOAT. Make sure all joints are filled with grout. “It is important to make circular movements to evenly spread the grout and compact well.” Then wipe each section with a damp sponge to remove grout residue. It is important to wring the towel so as not to dilute the grout into the joints. After a 24 hour drying period, completely release the residue floor using a wet mop. Do not place the product directly on the tiles and wipe any overflow.